The Hebrew Institute of Semitic Studies

Teaching The Language of God


The Ketef Hinnom Silver Scrolls

Biblical Reproductions

The Ketef Hinnom Silver Scrolls  

Older than the Dead Sea Scrolls
Two tiny soiver scrolls in the form of amulets were discovered at a burial cave outside Jerusalem called "Ketef Hinnom" in the Hinnom Valley. Written in ancient Hebrew script dated to the 7th century BC, the scrolls comprise the earliest known fragments of a Biblical Text and pre date the earliest scrolls from the Dead Sea area by more than 400 years. A form of what is known as the priestly blessing is contained on the scrolls: "The Lord bless you and keep you, the Lord makes His face to shine upon you and be gracious to you. The Lord lift up His countenance upon you and give you peace." Numbers:24-26.

It also contains the Tetragrammaton, the oldest known form of the Divine name of God.


Excavated in 1979 by team led by Israeli archaeologist Gabriel Barkay in a tomb in the Hinnom valley alongside Jerusalem. The scrolls were excavated by Judith Hadley, who has purchased our replicas of the Ketef Hinnom Silver Scrolls. (Ketef Hinnom means the shoulder of Hinnom) The tomb dated to the 7th C BC and contained hundreds of pieces of silver jewelry and artifacts as well as a rare early coin.

The scrolls show a Hebrew script containing a text from the 7th C BC demonstrating the accuracy of translation of the Biblical text through to modern times.

This set of reproduction scrolls is available ready to frame. These would make a wonderful gift for any collector or student of Biblical Archaeology or anyone who grew up with the priestly blessing! (Scrolls handmade in a silver coloured resin - life size)


The Ten Commandments

A reproduction of how the Ten Commandments may have looked, carefully inscribed in authentic Paleo-Hebrew (Proto-Canaanite) from the time of Moses.


The first two lines declare: "I AM YOD-HEY-VOD-HEY, YOUR LORD" (I am the Lord, thy God.) The second and third lines: "YOU SHALL NOT HAVE ANY OTHER ELOHIM (Gods)." Literal text translation is included.

Each tablet is 165 x 130mm (6.5 x 5 inches) with display stands.

Tel Dan Inscription 

"House of David"  reproduction

The David narratives have for years been interpreted as a priestly propaganda campaign during the Babylonian exile in an attempt to bolster their national integrity. No extra Biblical evidence of David previously existed, and since he was such a monumental leader of the nation of Israel skeptics denied his existence. The argument of lack of evidence raised yet again.

However in 1993 renown archaeologist Avraham Biran was excavating ancient Dan when one of his staff discovered a piece of basalt with an inscription on it in the rubble of a wall.

It was found along with two more pieces found the next season to contain a reference to the ?House of David?. It was written in the Paleo-Hebrew script and has been dated both paleographically and in accord to its position in the site levels to 858-824BC.

Now we have solid evidence that King David did exist, his family descendant being the subject of this stele.

The inscription is in fact a victory monument of one king of Damascus (Aram) proclaiming his defeat of a king of Israel and the House of David.

The Ivory Pomegranate of Solomon's Temple

What has become one of the most controversial items procured by the Israel Museum in Jerusalem is also one of the most inconspicuous items that would have graced their display cabinets. (This item has been removed from display).

A small carved piece of ivory in the shape of a pomegranate with a paleo-Hebrew text around the neck of it ascribing the words (interpreted): belonging to the temp(le of Yahw)eh holy to the priests

This item if genuine would be the only archaeological find from the 1st Temple of Solomon. It has been dated according to its textual style to 8th century BC.

This would have been used as a scepter top piece evidenced by the hole in its base.


Crucified Man Ankle

The only Archaeological evidence of crucifixion

 In 1968, the remains of a man was discovered in a burial cave at Giv'at ha-Mivtar, northeast of Jerusalem. An ossuary (bone-box) was discovered containing the skeletal remains of a man that had been crucified, evidence of which was  a large nail, still in-situ in the heel bone (calcaneus). The nail was still in place because it had bent when driven through his ankle, most likely upon hitting a knot in the wood of the cross to which he was nailed. Some scholars think his arms were tied to the cross as there was no evidence of a nail wound to the region of his hand or wrist, but this would be the case anyhow as the arms were nailed through the wrist between the joints.

A great display piece or an extra item to go with the "Crucified Man presentation kit".

Three Shekel Ostracon

The Three Shekel Ostracon - an ancient Tax receipt written on a clay shard - "three shekels to the temple of Yahweh" includes the Tetragramaton YHWH the name of God.